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The South-West: a crucible of vines.

Our South-West is made of a multitude of terroirs and likewise for the vines which are cultivated there. We count today about 150 different varieties in collections. Certainly, the number of cultivated varieties is less important (about 60), however, these species lead to the production of wines of character.

The genetic origin of our vines is the fruit of a rich history during which the varieties imported by passing migrants (Romans, barbarians...) were crossed with local species (Lambrusques).

The dispersion of vines, the crossings of varieties and the vine culture were strongly influenced by the religious past and the different invasions to which our region was subjected to. However, it was the Jacobean paths and the presence of large monastic centres along these which played a major role on our vine planting. Thus, our wine history is intimately linked to the abbeys of Conques, Madiran, Moissac, Gaillac...

Unlike other wine regions, the South-West is rich of a very big synonymy concerning varieties. This indicates that for centuries, the regions have appropriated the vines. The winegrowers have manipulated the names of the varieties to make their principal qualities stand out in the local dialect.

 

For the creation of the following technical sheets, we have consulted: "Vines de Sud-Ouest – 2000 ans d'historie / Mémoires d'un ampélographe".


White vines Red vines

Abouriou

 

Arrufiac

 

Baco Blanc or Baco 22A

 

Baroque

 

Cabernet Franc

   

Cabernet Sauvignon

 

Camaralet de Lasseube

 

Chardonnay

 

Chenin

 

Colombard

   

Courbu et Petit Courbu

 

Duras

 

Fer Servadou – Mansois – Braucol

 

Folle Blanche

 

Gamay

   

Gros Manseng

 

Lauzet

 

Len de l'El

 

Malbec ou Cot

 

Mauzac

   

Merlot

 

Muscadelle

 

Negrette

 

Ondenc

 

Petit Manseng

   

Prunelard

 

Raffiat de Moncade

 

Sauvignon blanc

 

Sémillon

 

Syrah

   

Tannat

 

Ugni blanc

   

 

Tel +33 (0)5 59 05 14 66 – Fax :  +33 (0)5 59 05 47 09 – Email : sudouest@osmin.fr

Lionel Osmin et Cie - 6 Rue de l'Ayguelongue - ZI Berlanne - 64160 Morlaas