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Home Appellation Cahors


The "Black Wine", a region that's a natural for Malbec!


What the appellation decrees:
Planting must be at a minimum density of 4000 vines per hectare, yield must be under 60 hectoliters per hectare; the Malbec grape variety must represent a minimum of 70% of the blend.

Terrain – Climate:
The Cahors AOC region enjoys an oceanic climate subject to continental influences; the vineyard topography and the looping back and forth of the Lot River also influence the climate; temperate climate, with hot and dry summers.

Two distinct terrains:

- the terraces in the Lot River Valley have scree soils;

- the Causse limestone plateau has poor, eroded calcareous soils.

Grape varieties – what makes the difference:
The Cahors AOC region authorizes three grape varieties:

- the Malbec grape comprising 70% of the wine growing region;

- Merlot comprising 20% of the wine growing region;

- Tannat comprising the remaining 10%.

The Malbec grape:
The grape variety which is a natural for the Cahors region, naturally gives low yield, does not like fertile soils, and produces rich, full-bodied wines.

Factors in wine quality:

  • Terrain - the different types of soils greatly influence the type of wine produced; the yield; the harvest states (degree of alcohol and phenolic maturity must be controlled.
  • The Cahors wines Quality Charter:
  • Yield control (40 hl/hectare maximum); plot selection; manual harvesting; control over maturities; carefully-managed vinification and aging with ambitious goals; second tasting for approval following AOC tasting.

Wine styles:
Very dark color--deep crimson, dark violet; nose with powerful aromas of red berries (cherry, wild strawberry), sloe berry and licorice. Sometimes notes of violet or India ink; fleshy and concentrated on the palate, often with firm and welcome tannins.


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Lionel Osmin et Cie - 6 Rue de l'Ayguelongue - ZI Berlanne - 64160 Morlaas